National Theatre of Greece - Cyprus Theatre Organisation - Stathis Livathinos
Two national theatres, the National Theatre of Greece and Cyprus Theatre Organisation, join forces to produce an iconic play: a tragedy about war and its victims, existential dread, dignity, faith and resilience, in a new translation by Giorgos Koropoulis.
It has been 43 years since the tragedy was last staged by the National Theatre of Greece – the only time in the National Theatre’s history – directed by Takis Mouzenidis, and 29 years since the first presentation of the play by the Cyprus Theatre Organisation in Epidaurus, directed by Nikos Charalambous. This new production, a joint venture of Greek and Greek Cypriot artists, is brought to life by the incumbent artistic director of the National Theatre of Greece, Stathis Livathinos.
The mothers of the Argive generals who perished in Thebes fighting by Polynices’ side become suppliants at the temple of Demeter in Eleusis, joined by Adrastus, king of Argos. The suppliants plead with Theseus, king of Athens, to help them: the Thebans are keeping their dead sons as spoils of war and will not allow them to be buried.
In response to this just plea, Theseus decides to send out a message to Creon, king of Thebes. Soon, a Theban messenger arrives bringing a message to Theseus: he is to drive Adrastus and the mothers away, otherwise the Theban army will attack the Athenians.
Theseus leads the Athenian army against Thebes and ultimately retrieves the bodies and has them carried to Eleusis, where they are to be burnt properly. A delirious Evadne, widow of Capaneus, jumps into the funeral pyre to burn along with her husband. Mothers and children return home, carrying the ashes of their beloved ones with them.
Written in 422 BC, the tragedy echoes the battle of Delium (424 BC), in which the Thebans, allies of Sparta, defeated the Athenians and for several days would not allow them to retrieve their dead and bury them properly.
With Greek and English surtitles
Translated by Giorgos Koropoulis
Directed by Stathis Livathinos
Set and costume design: George Souglides
Lighting design: Alekos Anastasiou
Music: Angelos Triantafyllou
Choreography: Fotis Nikolaou
Music coaching: Melina Paionidou
Assistant director: Vassilis Andreou
Assistant director: Marina Myrtali
Assistant to the set and costume designer: Maria Kalamara
Dramaturg: Irini Mountraki
Cast: Anna Giagiozi, Andri Theodotou, Kora Karvouni, Tzini Papadopoulou, Aglaia Pappa, Maria Savvidou, Konstantina Takalou, Tania Trypi, Niovi Charalambous (Mothers of Argive soldiers), Katia Dandoulaki (Aethra), Akis Sakellariou (Theseus), Christos Sougaris (Adrastus), Harry Charalambous (Herald), Andreas Tselepos (Messenger), Katerina Loura (Evadne), Thodoris Katsafados (Iphis)
Co-production: National Theatre of Greece - Cyprus Theatre Organisation